A 106: A very early maturing variety. The thornless/spineless heads are glossy green in colour and alliptic in shape achieving medium to large sizes, with hearts that are tender and sweet. It´s very productive with execellent uniformity and very adaptable, more tolerant to frost and heat confditions than other varieties. The early autum production can be achieved by using plant growth regulators, e.g. GA3.
A 109: It´s an early maturing variety with simmilar appearance to that of A-106. The attractive deep purple heads are elliptic in shape achieving medium to large pieces and they have thorns but hardly prominent. It´s a very productive variety with excellent taste and texture, ideal for export fresh markets
AGRIFEM Ltd offers Greek farmers the possibility to produce artichoke offseason annually or biennially, already cultivated successfully in the Mediterranean regions of Spain and in recent years in Greece. Its high yielding varieties can give two productions a year.
It is done in small seedbeds – seed trays.
Temperature: must be maintened in around 20-25ο C for 7 days.
Relative moisture: 80 – 90%
Lighting: no light. The trays are covered until the seeds start to grow.
After 1 week, the seedlings are transplanted to larger cells or 6×6 7×7 and kept in the greenhouse at temperatures of 20-25o C until growth – for 6-8 weeks. Seeding can be done directly in the large cells to avoid transplantation.
Β. Transplantation to the field – planting distance
When seedlings gain 4-6 leaves, they are transplanted to their final positions on the field at distances of 0,8 – 1 m on the track and 1,3-1,5 m between lines ie 700-900 plants / acre approx.
C. Seeding times
The initiation of the cultivation can be performed in three different time periods:
1. In seed trays: January
Transplantation in the field: End of March
Harvest: May – June – July
Strains cutting: August
New harvest: January
2. In seed trays: April
Transplantation in the field: June
Harvest: September – October – November
Strains cutting: December
New harvest: April
3. In seed trays: June
Transplantation in the field: August
Harvest: February – March – April
Strains cutting: End of April
New harvest: Αugust
To increase the production
We use GA3. Apply 3 times:
a. 40 days after transplantation at a dosage of 30cc/100kgr water
b. 20 days after (a) at a dosage of 20 cc/100kgr water
c. 20 days after (b) at a dosage of 20 cc/100kgr water
The proper functioning of the hormones is achieved at pH :4-4,5 that is why we regulate the pH with the use of ΒΒ5.
Basic: 6 units of Nitrogen per acre
10 – 15 units of phosphorus per acre
30 units of potassium per acre
Foliar: after transplantation 2–4 applications of Green-feed 19-19-19+TE at a ratio of 0,5 – 0,6
After the fruit set and later apply Green-feed 12-7-36 +2 in the same proportion.
Fertigation: after transplantation apply Green-feed drip 20-20-20+TE at a dosage of 30-35 Κgr/acre, in total.
After the fruit set apply Green-feed drip 14-7-21+ΤΕ at a dosage of 50 Κgr/acre, in total.
Additionally, we apply 1,5 – 2 Κgr/acre every 10 days Magnisal
The increased demands of artichoke in organic matter during the period of dormancy, after the first production, should be noted. So apply with each watering LABIN MATERIA ORGANICA 84% to the total dose of 10 – 20 lt / acre.
F. Crop yield
We remind you the possibility of a second harvest, after the heads and strains of the first harvest in height 1 – 1,2 m are removed from the ground. The yield at the first harvest is 15 marketable heads, while the second 10 is heads.
|Fertigation of artichoke|
|STEP||Type of fertilizer||Fertigations||Kgr/acre|
|Α. 1st week after transplantation||Greenfeed 10-52-10||1||2 kg|
|Β. 2nd and 3rd week||Greenfeed 10-52-10*||3||2 kg|
|Greenfeed 20-20-20*||3||2 kg|
|C. 4th week||Greenfeed 20-20-20||2/week||3-5 kg|
|Polyfeed Drip 15-30-15||1/week||3-5 kg|
|D. Heads – harvests||Greenfeed 25-10-15||1/week||6-8 kg|
|Greenfeed 5-30-40||0-1/week||6-8 kg|
|Greenfeed 20-20-20||2/week||6-8 kg|
|Basic application||Greenfeed Corrector Humico 16%||1-2/week with fertilizer||1-2lt/acre. or 20 cc/ kgr of fertilizer|
|Basic application||Nitrogal||1/10 days after D||5-7 kg|
|Magnisal||1/15 days after C||5 kg|